Could machines take over public relations?

KISS CEO Simon Fryer discusses the pioneering research from the Chartered Institute of Public Relations, which has assessed the impact of technology, and specifically AI, on public relations practice:

More than 120 digital tools are used in public relations, with some performing tasks that can be classed as artificial intelligence (AI), according to a report from the Chartered Institute of Public Relations (CIPR).

But the good news for one of our key partners’ KISS is that the machines won’t be taking over just yet! Only 12 per cent of a public relations practitioner’s skillset can currently be complemented or replaced by AI currently according to the report Humans Still Needed: An Analysis of skills and tools in public relations. However, the report predicts that in five years this could have risen to 38 per cent.

Jean Valin, a former communications director for the Canadian government, is the author of the report and he believes “AI is about to massively change our lives. The public relations profession needs to keep up. We need more experience with these tools and more critical reviews to learn how best to use them and their limitations.”

Content creation

He warns that software will increasingly be used to create content, adding: “Content marketing will be driven by algorithms, bots will manage public enquiries and decisions of channels and tactics will increasingly be automated.”

The types of automated tasks that are deemed by Valin to be ‘fully fledged’ AI revolve around applying machine intelligence to data. He believes, however, that quintessentially human traits like empathy, trust, humour and relationship building cannot be reproduced by machines.

KISS surveys

Intrigued by these findings, KISS asked their Twitter followers which skills they thought were most likely to be taken over by AI. The results were:

  • Ethical codes (PR task voted most likely to be taken over by AI by 34 % of voters)
  • Problem solving (33%)
  • Strategy and planning (17%)
  • Comms audits (16%)

On the face of it, this appears to contradict Valin’s assumption that empathy and trust – qualities likely to be needed when compiling ethical codes – could not be replicated by machines.

KISS were surprised that so many of their Twitter followers saw ethical codes as being more likely to be generated by AI in the future than comms audits. This may be a matter of interpretation – once ethical codes have been initially drafted by humans, perhaps machines will be able to able to select which elements to apply to particular situations quite easily.

KISS also asked whether their followers if they agreed that 38 per cent of PR skills and tools would be replaced by AI in five years. More than half thought it would actually take longer than that:

  • 18% thought it would actually happen in less than three years
  • 19% believed it would be more like three to five years
  • 28% plumped for six to ten years
  • 37% thought it would be more than ten years

Home-grown expertise

Simon is reassured though that the CIPR report followed hot on the heels of research by the House of Lords Select Committee on Artificial Intelligence, which found that the UK is in a good position to become a world leader in AI. Researchers determined that the UK already hosts some major players in the AI sphere and that there is an established culture of relevant academic research.

The committee recommended that a code of ethics be adopted nationally and internationally to ensure that AI is not used to hurt, destroy or deceive humans and that it is developed for the common good.

Another of the Select Committee’s concerns was whether existing legislation would adequately cater for cases where AI systems malfunction or cause harm to users. The Committee recommended that the Law Commission investigates this to consider whether or not new legislation should be considered.

Not the first time!

It’s not the first time, and it certainly won’t be the last time, that the PR industry has been faced with the threat of adapting to new technology. You only need to consider the way the media relations landscape has changed over the last five years for a clear demonstration of how agencies have learnt to adapt to new technology and digital innovation. So the lesson to take from these reports is that we must all learn to embrace the continuing advances in AI.